A funded PhD position is available in the field of Biomedical Imaging. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) and photo-acoustic (PA) imaging are hot topics in the biomedical imaging field. They can offer structural and functional information of biological tissues with excellent resolution and high contrast. Both techniques have the potential to be applied to the early detection of cancer or examining vascular and skin diseases. By measuring back-scattered photons and a loading mechanism, the tissue mechanical properties can be reconstructed using OCT. At the same time, using PA measurements, it is also possible to reconstruct the mechanical properties of the tissue as well as to quantify optical and physiological properties such as the optical absorption and scattering coefficients, the deoxy and oxy-haemoglobin concentrations, etc.
Some forensic in situ investigations, such as those needed in transportation (for aviation, maritime, road, or rail accidents) or for parts working under harsh conditions (e.g., pipes or turbines) would benefit from a method/technique that distinguishes ductile from brittle fractures of metals—as material defects are one of the potential causes of incidents. Nowadays, the gold standard in material studies is represented by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). However, SEM instruments are large, expensive, time-consuming, and lab-based; hence, in situ measurements are impossible.
In this paper we report on the use of a single supercontinuum (SC) source for multimodal imaging. The 2-octave bandwidth (475-2300 nm) makes the SC source suitable for optical coherence tomography (OCT) as well as for multispectral photoacoustic microscopy (MPAM). The IR band centered at 1310 nm is chosen for OCT to penetrate deeper into tissue with 8 mW average power on the sample. The 500-840 nm band is used for MPAM. The source has the ability to select the central wavelength as well as the spectral bandwidth. An energy of more than 35 nJ within a less than 50 nm bandwidth is achieved on the sample for wavelengths longer than 500 nm. In the present paper, we demonstrate the capabilities of such a multimodality imaging instrument based on a single optical source. In-vitro mouse ear B-scan images are presented.
The morphology of embryos produced by in vitro fertilization (IVF) is commonly used to estimate their viability. However, imaging by standard microscopy is subjective and unable to assess the embryo on a cellular scale after compaction. Optical coherence tomography is an imaging technique that can produce a depth-resolved profile of a sample and can be coupled with speckle variance (SV) to detect motion on a micron scale. In this study, day 7 post-IVF bovine embryos were observed either short-term (10 minutes) or long-term (over 18 hours) and analysed by swept source OCT and SV to resolve their depth profile and characterize micron-scale movements potentially associated with viability. The percentage of en-face images showing movement at any given time was calculated as a method to detect the vital status of the embryo. This method could be used to measure the levels of damage sustained by an embryo, for example after cryopreservation, in a rapid and non-invasive way.
This paper describes the application of the Gabor filtering protocol to a Master/Slave (MS) swept source optical coherence tomography (SS)-OCT system at 1300 nm. The MS-OCT system delivers information from selected depths, a property that allows operation similar to that of a time domain OCT system, where dynamic focusing is possible.